As part of my interim assessment and exploring materials I have decided to look at renowned contemporary sculptors and the materials they use or have used as a starting point.
Renowned contemporary sculptors include ..
Robert Rauschenberg (October 22, 1925 – May 12, 2008) Painter, Sculptor and Graphic artist. Rauschenberg created sculptures in non traditional materials in the 1950’s. Robert recycled junk from the streets of New York city, and mixed with paint and called them ‘combines’. Best known for the pop art movement.
Jasper Johns (born May 15, 1930) Painter, Sculptor and printmaker.
“Flag,” a painting in encaustic (a technique that uses pigments mixed with melted wax).
Jasper Johns first sculpture was in 1958 sculpmetal ‘lightbulb’
What is SculptMetal™?
SculptMetal™ is a Composite of metal and minerals bonded with advanced polymers and reinforced with continuous Carbon/Kevlar™/Glass fibers. The surface is finished to resemble bronze, nickel, iron and other metals. The matrix is composed of 50% recycled material. Various patina or antiquing techniques are applied and the completed items is sealed in a clear coat finish. SculptMetal™ can be painted to match any color.
The subject of the sculptures, with one exception, is Johns’ classic grid of the numerals 0 through 9. Johns makes the sculptures in wax first, working the surfaces in a complex pattern of textures, often adding collaged elements such as a key, impressions of newsprint, a cast of Merce Cunningham’s foot, or one of his own hand. He then casts them in bronze, aluminium, or silver and, finally, applies a unique patina to each. http://www.matthewmarks.com/new-york/exhibitions/2011-05-07_jasper-johns/Johns Sculptures http://www.http://www.walkerart.org/collections/artworks/flashlightbiography.com/people/jasper-johns-9355664
Louise Bourgeois (25 December 1911 – 31 May 2010) was a French-American artist.
Best known for her large-scale sculpture and installation art. Bourgeois was also a prolific painter and printmaker. She explored a variety of themes over the course of her long career including domesticity and the family, sexuality and the body, as well as death and the subconscious. Although Bourgeois exhibited with the Abstract Expressionists and her work has much in common with Surrealism and Feminist art, she was not formally affiliated with a particular artistic movement. http://www.tate.org.uk/art/artists/louise-bourgeois-2351
Her work in the 1940s was constructed from junkyard scraps and driftwood which she used to carve upright wood sculptures. In 1954, Bourgeois joined the American Abstract Artists Group, with several contemporaries, among them Barnett Newman and Ad Reinhardt. At this time she also befriended the artists Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko, and Jackson Pollock. As part of the American Abstract Artists Group, Bourgeois made the transition from wood and upright structures to marble, plaster and bronze as she investigated concerns like fear, vulnerability and loss of control. Bourgeois aligned herself with activists and became a member of the Fight Censorship Group, a feminist anti-censorship collective founded by fellow artist Anita Steckel. In the 1970s, the group defended the use of sexual imagery in artwork. Steckel argued, “If the erect penis is not wholesome enough to go into museums, it should not be considered wholesome enough to go into women.” Bourgeois received her first retrospective in 1982, by the Museum of Modern Art in New York City. Until then, she had been a peripheral figure in art whose work was more admired than acclaimed. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louise_Bourgeois
Anish Kapoor (born 12 March 1954) is a British-Indian sculptor
Untitled 1983 Anish Kapoor born 1954 Presented by the American Fund for the Tate Gallery, courtesy of the Carol and Arthur Goldberg Collection in honour of the New Museum of Contemporary Art, New York City 2012 http://www.tate.org.uk/art/work/T13695
Sir Anish Kapoor, CBE RA (born 12 March 1954) is a British-Indian sculptor. Born in Bombay, Kapoor has lived and worked in London since the early 1970s when he moved to study art, first at the Hornsey College of Art and later at the Chelsea School of Art and Design.
In 1991 he received the Turner Prize and in 2002 received the Unilever Commission for the Turbine Hall at Tate Modern. Notable public sculptures include Cloud Gate (colloquially known as “the Bean”) in Chicago’s Millennium Park; Sky Mirror, exhibited at the Rockefeller Centre in New York City in 2006 and Kensington Gardens in London in 2010; Temenos, at Middle haven, Middlesbrough; Leviathan, at the Grand Palais in Paris in 2011; and ArcelorMittal Orbit, commissioned as a permanent artwork for London’s Olympic Park and completed in 2012. Kapoor received a knighthood in the 2013 Birthday Honours for services to visual arts. He was awarded an honorary doctorate degree from the University of Oxford in 2014. In 2012 he was awarded Padma Bhushan by the Indian government which is India’s 3rd highest civilian award. In 2016 he was announced as a recipient of the LennonOno Grant for Peace. He owns exclusive rights to use Vantablack, the blackest substance known, for artistic purposes. http://www.tate.org.uk/art/artists/anish-kapoor-1384
Damien Hirst ( June 7, 1965.)
British artist Damien Hirst has shocked and surprised the art world with his unusual works, including glass displays of dead animals and medicine cabinet sculptures.
A successful and controversial artist, Damien Hirst was born in Bristol, England. He emerged as a leading figure in the Young British Artists movement in the late 1980s and 1990s. His works, which include dead animal displays and spin-art paintings, have sold for exceptionally high prices. Hirst is one of the wealthiest artists living today. works include..
The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living
Beautiful Inside My Head Forever
“For the Love of God,” a glittering, diamond-encrusted skull made of platinum.
The Golden Calf, an animal with 18-carat gold horns and hooves, preserved in formaldehyde.
Jeff Koons (born January 21, 1955)
An American artist known for working with popular culture subjects and his reproductions of banal objects—such as balloon animals produced in stainless steel with mirror-finish surfaces.
Banality (sculpture series) Most of the sculptures are made of porcelain
Sir Antony Mark David Gormley, OBE (born 30 August 1950) is a British sculptor. His best known works include the Angel of the North, a public sculpture in Gateshead in the North of England, commissioned in 1994 and erected in February 1998, Another Place on Crosby Beach near Liverpool, and Event Horizon, a multi-part site installation which premiered in London in 2007, around Madison Square in New York City, in 2010, in São Paulo, in 2012, and in Hong Kong in 2015-16.
Almost all his work takes the human body as its subject, with his own body used in many works as the basis for metal casts.
stacked cubes of weathered iron
In 2008 The Daily Telegraph ranked Gormley number 4 in their list of the “100 most powerful people in British culture“. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antony_Gormley
Takashi Murakami (February 1, 1962) is a Japanese contemporary artist. He works in fine arts media (such as painting and sculpture) as well as commercial media (such as fashion, merchandise, and animation) and is known for blurring the line between high and low arts. Murakami’s art encompasses a wide range of mediums and is generally described as super flat. His work has been noted for its use of colour, incorporation of motifs from Japanese traditional and popular culture, flat/glossy surfaces, and content that could be described at once as “cute,” “psychedelic,” or “satirical” and his sculptures made from moulded plastic.. Among his most famous recurring motifs are smiling flowers, iconic characters, mushrooms, skulls, Buddhist iconography, and the sexual complexes of otaku culture.
He has also produced sculptures, balloons, ‘all-over’ wallpaper installations, animated works, prints, posters, and assorted merchandise. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Takashi_Murakami